Family and friends,
If you ever have the chance to visit Joshua Tree National Park in southeastern California, I urge you to go! I think you’ll also be blown away by the park’s eerie rock piles, great hiking opportunities, and namesake Joshua trees. Steven and I thought the park was so special he wanted to tour the park on his birthday last month even though we’d seen a good chunk of the park almost exactly a year ago!
All the best to you and your loved ones AND peace in Ukraine,
The day before Steven and I had flown nonstop from Denver to Palm Springs in southeastern California for a few days to celebrate his birthday. I joked with a friend that normally people go out for dinner to celebrate a birthday and here we were flying out to one of the country’s major resort cities for Steven’s! The reason was January was the last month we could take advantage of Southwest Airlines’ companion pass where my return ticket was free except for taxes so we figured why not.
I don’t think we’ve ever flown into an airport that was almost totally open to the elements as was the case in Palm Springs. It was named after entertainer and former Palm Springs mayor Sonny Bono. Though the city was home to nearly 100 golf courses, we didn’t come to play the links as neither of us are golfers.
Our home away from home for a few days:
I was flabbergasted by the number of cars from the western Canadian province of British Columbia in a local parking lot. Canadians were restricted from traveling for so long because of Covid so snowbirds must have decided to take advantage of the loosened restrictions to enjoy Palm Springs’ warmer climes and beautiful scenery.
As Steven’s birthday was on the 18th, he got to choose that we spend it on a day trip to Joshua Tree National Park located an hour’s drive east where the high Mojave Desert meets the low Colorado Desert. The aptly-named community of Windy Springs was home to hundreds and hundreds of wind vanes.
At the park’s visitor center, we read that the destruction of the desert by unthinking visitors in the early 1900s so alarmed wealthy Pasadena socialite Minerva Hoyt that she campaigned for nearly ten years for the creation of a park protected by the government. Her efforts were rewarded in 1936 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, an ardent conservationist himself when he set aside 825,000 acres for Joshua Tree National Monument. It became a national park in 1994. Hoyt also campaigned tirelessly for the preservation of other southern California’s unique desert landscapes including Death Valley and Anza-Borrego Desert.
It was shocking to read that three-quarter of California’s indigenous people had died of smallpox brought by settlers in the 1860s. Local tribes who were left struggled to maintain their traditional ways, with many taking new jobs and adopting a new way of life to survive in a land reshaped by miners, settlers, and ranchers.
The Mojave Desert is located between the higher, colder Great Basin Desert and the lower, warmer Sonoran Desert. Because of its intermediate elevation, the land bakes in the hot, dry air much of the year with winter bringing snow and freezing nights. It was amazing that anything survives in the Mojave or “the land of little rain” where heat and arid winds combine to evaporate most available moisture.
These Rock Piles or formations were once a solid mass of granite called monzogranite which formed 85 million years ago from magma crystallizing 15 miles below where we stood. After the rock was stressed and cracked by earthquakes, mountain uplifting moved the rock closer to the earth’s surface. Groundwater then seeped into the cracks which helped to round and shape the rock blocks. That was followed by further uplifting and erosion exposing the rocks above the ground.
The narrow gap in the rocks funneled into the legendary Hidden Valley where cattle rustlers were said to have hidden their illicit herds. In the late 1870s, a band of cowboys led by the McHaney brothers purportedly rustled cattle from Arizona and horses from California and drove the herds here to be re-branded.
The stolen stock grazed on the once-abundant grasses in the desert valleys and then sold in markets out-of-state. It was a profitable business until lawmen, miners, and more respectable cattlemen moved into the region at the end of the 19th century.
The trail took us through the narrow opening in these rocks that had been blasted open just before the park’s establishment as a national monument in 1936.
The birthday boy!
The single-leaf pinyon pine tree is mostly found in the mountains of the Mojave Desert and the Great Basin Desert Steven and I explored in the summer of 2020. The short-trunked trees grow slowly and use water sparingly since adapting to more seasonally dry conditions 30-60 million years ago.
The pinyon pine was one of the most important plants used by the desert indigenous people. They collected seeds by beating the green cones off the branches and then placing the cones in a fire. The heat caused the cones to open and expose the seeds. The tree’s wood was used for construction and cooking. Finally, pine pitch made excellent glue for waterproofing baskets and repairing broken pots.
Our hike through Hidden Valley’s unique and otherworldly landscape has to be considered a ‘must’ for anyone lucky enough to visit the national park.
Joshua Tree National Park has been described as one of America’s rock climbing meccas. I read that the park has more than 8,000 established climbing routes, from easy beginner scrambles to extreme vertical cracks on more than 400 climbing formations! I’d think that many of those formations must be in the park’s Hidden Valley section as we saw many climbers out on that beautiful day.
I read that the large granite rocks around Hidden Valley act as giant water collectors when rainfall runs off through cracks in the rocks and collects around the base. Plants growing nearer to the rocks will have greater access to moisture and protection from drying winds.
Rock climbers call this monolith in Hidden Valley the Great Burrito. Though Joshua Tree National Park is considered a world-class climbing area, some associated problems have arisen. Vegetation has been trampled by climbers creating a network of trails to and from formations in the more popular areas. Nesting birds have become disturbed and archaeological sites have been imperiled. A balance for resource protection and climbing is being sought between climbing groups and park staff.
I liked the view of the barren tree against the sky and mountain backdrop.
I wonder if climbers knew the cracks in the rocks not only provided handholds for them but also homes and a quick getaway for many species of snakes and lizards! The park’s largest lizard, the chuckwalla, can live up to 40 years. When it’s threatened, it runs into a crack and inflates its body. If I were a rock climber, I’d want to be very careful about putting my hands in any shady crevices lest there were any snakes there!
The nolina, also sometimes called beargrass, had long, thin leaves. After its tall flower stalk was baked in a pit, it was eaten.
The thick-leaved Mojave yucca wasn’t the main source of food for the indigenous people although they did roast and eat the fruit pods. It was most valued for its strong leaf fibers which were used to weave mats and sandals, and for the soap extracted from the roots.
I could understand why the desert had been described as “a mosaic of miniature worlds.” Even though the Mojave desert could be a hostile place, these miniature worlds provided habitats for many diverse life forms. The microclimate at Hidden Valley caused by the rocks circling the valley which block the wind and collect moisture supports many plant and animal species. The secluded valley has been a lure for people, both past and present, as a source of food, protection, and for its special beauty.
Further in the park, we took the 20-minute side trip up to 5,185-foot-high Keys View, which overlooked a vast panorama of Mount San Jacinto and Mount Gorgonio with the Salton Sea shimmering in the distance.
Unfortunately, the view wasn’t as clear as it could have been due to haze from sources such as water vapor, dust, and air pollution. I read that once Southern Californian industrial plants, power plants, wood stoves, and cars belch soot, dust, and smoke into the atmosphere, prevailing winds direct the air until it is dispersed throughout the Coachella Valley where Joshua Tree is located. Haze hangs around the longest when winds are calm, the temperature is hot and humidity is high.
Palm Springs was located in the dead center on the horizon but our view of 10,831-ft-high Mount San Jacinto was obscured by the haze.
We then strolled around the Cap Rock nature trail. A sign indicated that no pets were allowed on the park’s trails because dogs smell like predators and scare the park’s bighorn sheep away from wildlife water sources that are drying up.
Even though many Mojave desert plants, such as this peachthorn, looked dead during the winter, they were actually just dormant which was an energy-saving adaptation. The leaves, present during the warmer months, are small which minimizes evaporation from leaf surfaces.
Joshua trees for whom the park was named were giant branching yuccas and a member of the agave family. The tree was revered by indigenous tribes because its leaves provided durable materials for baskets and footwear, and the buds and seeds made a healthy addition to their food supply.
Another dead-looking bush was actually called Mormon Tea. With no leaves entirely, food production or photosynthesis is carried on in the plant’s green stems. Like pine trees to which they’re related, the plant instead bears cones and is wind-pollinated.
Vegetation was noticeably thicker and more diverse in areas with larger boulder piles than in the more open areas. That was because rain runs off the boulders and collects around the bases of rocks which creates a moister habitat for plants like goldenbush and skunkbush.
Joshua trees, either alive or dead, have a large role in the ecology of Mojave Desert because creatures shelter in the leaves and small rodents burrow beneath the roots. Deer and bighorn sheep browse on the leaves. Once termites feast on the dead wood, nutrients are released into the soil for use by new plants.
As we neared the end of the trail, we spotted a man who must have been been just bouldering because he had a massive pad on his back.
Reading this hard-hitting sign was like a sucker punch for those who choose to hike in the heat of the day.
By its very name, the Hall of Horrors Trail made us want to hike it but it was oh, so, so frustrating as there was nary a single sign alluding to why it achieved its odd name. Not only that, there was no defined path either which was so different from the rest of the park. We certainly weren’t the only hikers wandering in this area hoping to discover something about the trail as we encountered several other groups asking us and others if anyone knew anything about the trail.
This was the only spot in the park where we noticed that trees had been newly planted and thus protected by fencing.
Although the hike was a total bust in terms of what actually constituted the Hall of Horrors, the views were simply spectacular.
Not too far away was the spooky-looking Skull Rock!
The fun Skull Rock trail took us through this narrow space where we had to crouch down to get through!
It was a little like being a kid again clambering the rocks and through the cave at Skull Rock! I was sure glad I’d brought along a jacket, though, as it was got quite nippy at just 3 in mid-January.
Skull Rock from a different perspective:
Before returning to Palm Springs, Steven wanted to make sure we stopped again at Cholla Gardens, even though we’d visited this section of the park almost exactly a year ago on the way back from touring Death Valley National Park. We’d found the massive cholla (pronounced choy-ya) cactus gardens to be captivating then and our experience last month was just as riveting.
The interior of a dead cholla cactus:
Though the cholla cactus looked deceivingly ‘soft and cuddly,’ they were obviously anything but. Signs warned those hiking the short trail through the gardens to be very careful about staying on the trail to avoid being severely hurt.
For some reason, a handful of the cholla were significantly taller than others.
The park’s immense boulder piles, colorful cactus fields, endless desert spaces, and one-of-a-kind Joshua trees made for an other wordly setting and, fortunately, a perfect birthday outing for Steven!
Next post: Coachella Nature Preserve near Palm Springs.
Posted on February 23rd, 2022, from Phoenix where we’re staying for the month to get away from the cold and snowy weather back home in Denver. As I write this post, my thoughts and prayers are far away with the people of Ukraine as they awoke to their country being invaded by Russia. Steven and I fervently hope that peace will return soon to a nation we so admired on our visit there in 2016.
7 thoughts on “1/18/22: A Birthday in Joshua Tree National Park!”
Thank you for the very informative post, Annie! Joshua Tree NP is one of my favorite national parks in the US. I have fond memories of climbing the boulders, discovering Skull Rock, and being enamored by the Cholla cactus garden. Did you know that cholla cacti are also called bear hug cacti? 🙂
It’s nice the park explains why dogs are not allowed on the trail. I love those blue skies. Such a fun day trip for a birthday! I once took Mark into Mexico for a Mexican birthday dinner, since there was no other restaurant close by, haha. We had been camped in Organ Pipe NP.
Liesbet, Nope, never knew that cholla cactus are also called bear hug cactus but that makes perfect sense, doesn’t it?! I agree that Joshua Tree is a real gem among the national parks. Loved all the hiking opportunities there.
Will have to check out Organ Pipe National Park as we’ve been to almost all the national parks except for Alaska and will be seeing the ones in Hawaii next month. Glad Mark enjoyed a birthday meal in nearby Mexico when you were at Organ Pipe!
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Annie, your post started, “if you ever have the chance to visit…..” and then goes on to really whet our appetite and shows us sone terrific hikes in stunning scenery. Well, we ARE going there, this coming summer, when we return to visit my daughter in Acton CA and then head off for a month-long California road trip. Including, of course, Joshua Tree NP.
So, so glad that you’re adding Joshua Tree to your list of places to go when you’re in California this summer! So glad you and Michaela will be making up for lost time seeing your daughter twice in a matter of months after not getting to see her for several years.
Will you get up to see King’s Canyon and Sequoia national parks too? I’d recommend adding them to your list if you have time. A month sounds like a long time in just one state but it can whizz by in no time.
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We’re just about to start outline planning for California…but will put those two places on the list…
It’s a stunning landscape and I really enjoyed following along as you took a much closer look at it than we were able to do when we did our road trip in California back in 1991. We were there in the summer and it was far too hot for any long walks, so we mostly just stopped the car at key points, jumped out for about 15 minutes to take photos and then sought the refuge of the car’s A/C again! I would love to go back in slightly cooler weather 🙂
I can see why the summer would be a brutally hot time to visit Joshua Tree National Park, Sarah. No wonder they have such hard hitting signs warning people to use extreme caution hiking at that time of the year.
We’re in Phoenix now and see the same Do Not Hike signs in the heat of the day from April all the way to November. We were lucky that we encountered perfect weather both recents visits to Joshua Tree so we could hike as there’s often snow there in the winter!